Attachment & Bonding
Attachment is a term used to describe an individual’s level of comfort and emotional security interacting with others. The first three years in a child’s life are the most crucial years when it comes to a child’s level of attachment. It is in these early years that a child discovers whether or not the world is a safe place. The answer to this question will determine how a child begins attaching and bonding with other human beings. Many children and adults possess an unhealthy attachment due to repeated experiences of negative interaction with their primary care giver the first three years of life.
Negative emotional interactions and communication can encompass a spectrum of experiences and can be a result of such things as:
- Physical Abuse
- Sexual Abuse
- Physical or Emotional Neglect
- Separation from primary care-giver
- Multiple foster homes/orphanages as a child
- Being exposed to Alcohol or Drugs
- Constantly moving to new places
- Young mother with poor coping skills
- Trauma before birth
- Witness or Victim of violence
Individuals with unhealthy attachment may find it difficult to trust or rely on others. Relationships may seem fear-provoking and unpredictable. Many may experience low self-esteem, lack of self-control, violence and aggression, low tolerance for stress, anti-social behavior, apathy, depression or anxiety, problems with school or work, lack of empathy for others, isolation from loved ones, difficulty building friendships, over-dependence on others, etc. If left untreated, children may develop a more severe disorder such as Reactive Attachment Disorder (RAD).
At The Antioch Group we believe that it is never too late to begin the process of healthy interaction and attachment, for adults and for children. Our therapists are trained to identify and assess the features of unhealthy attachment, working with our clients to overcome unhealthy patterns and achieve wholeness, healing, and health!
- Michelle Baker, LCPC, CADC
- Lauri Budzynski, LCPC, NCC
- Lindsay Call, LCPC
- Maggie Classen, LCSW
- Patricia J. Edwards, LCSW, ACSW (adult)
- Marty Hanson, LCPC, DBTC
- Jenn Noar, LCPC
- Patricia Poertner, LCPC, BCC, DBTC (adolescent-adult)
- Jonna Tyler, LCPC
- Eric Ward, Ph.D.
See our Find a Therapist page for a complete list of specialties.